Oracle/PLSQL: BEFORE DELETE Trigger
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A BEFORE DELETE Trigger means that Oracle will fire this trigger before the DELETE operation is executed.

The syntax for an BEFORE DELETE Trigger is:

CREATE or REPLACE TRIGGER trigger_name
BEFORE DELETE
    ON table_name
    [ FOR EACH ROW ]
DECLARE
    -- variable declarations
BEGIN
    -- trigger code
EXCEPTION
    WHEN ...
    -- exception handling
END;

trigger_name is the name of the trigger to create.

Restrictions:

You can not create a BEFORE trigger on a view.
You can update the :NEW values.
You can not update the :OLD values.
For example:

If you had a table created as follows:

CREATE TABLE orders
( order_id number(5),
 quantity number(4),
 cost_per_item number(6,2),
 total_cost number(8,2)
);

We could then create a BEFORE DELETE trigger as follows:

CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER orders_before_delete
BEFORE DELETE
    ON orders
    FOR EACH ROW

DECLARE
    v_username varchar2(10);

BEGIN

    -- Find username of person performing the DELETE on the table
    SELECT user INTO v_username
    FROM dual;

    -- Insert record into audit table
    INSERT INTO orders_audit
     ( order_id,
       quantity,
       cost_per_item,
       total_cost,
       delete_date,
       deleted_by )
    VALUES
     ( :old.order_id,
       :old.quantity,
       :old.cost_per_item,
       :old.total_cost,
       sysdate,
       v_username );

END; 

From www.techonthenet.com

Posted by Rajiv on Friday, February 27, 2009 at 08:31-AM under SQL Serever / Oracle / PLSQL
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